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Lesson by "The Irish People"
an modh coinníollach with irregular verbs
Form a picture
in your mind of the phrase's meaning and of the subject (whether "I",
"you", "he", etc.) as you say these phrases aloud:
Ní fheicfimis í (nee EK-hi-mish ee). An ndéarfadh
sibh é sin? (un NYAY*R-huhk shiv ay* shin). Nach rachfá
liom? (nahk* RAHK*-faw* luhm). Dá gcloisfidís (daw*
GLISH-hi-deesh). Mura bhfeicfeadh sí thú. Dá
dtiocfaimis libh. Chloisfeadh sé sinn. An rachaidís
léi? Ní déarfá é sin. Nach dtiocfadh
Key: I would come.
We wouldn't see her. Would you-all say that? Wouldn't you go with
me? If they were to hear. If she weren't to see you. If we came with
you-all. He would hear us. Would they go with her? You wouldn't say
that. Wouldn't she come with us?
in the conditional mood
Here are the rest
of the irregular verbs. Say all forms out loud, repeating them until
you are familiar with them and can picture in your mind the meaning
of each phrase.
(day*n), do or make, has a future form: déanfaidh mé
(DAY*N-hee may*), I will do. The conditional is:
(YAY*N-hin), I would do
(YAY*N-faw*), you would do
sé (YAY*N-huhk* shay*), he would do
sí, she would do
(YAY*N-hi-mish), we would do
sibh, you-all would do
(YAY*N-hi-deesh) they would do
(YAY*N-tee), people would do
The rest of the
forms for "déan" have these first elements:
I would not do. An ndéanfainn? (un NAY*N-hin), would I do?
Nach ndéanfainn?, wouldn't I do Dá ndéanfainn,
if I were to do. Mura ndéanfainn, if I weren't to do.
The verb "ith"
(i), eat, is irregular only in the future tense and the conditional
mood. Íosfaidh mé (EES-hee may*) is "I will eat".
The conditional is:
(DEES-hin), I would eat
(DEES-faw*), you would eat
sé (DEES-huhk* shay*), he would eat
sí, she would eat
(DEES-hi-mish), we would eat
sibh, you-all would eat
(DEES-hi-deesh), they would eat
(DEES-fwee), people would eat
The rest of the
forms of the conditional begin with:
I would not eat. An íosfainn?, would I eat? Nach n-íosfainn?,
wouldn't I eat? Dá n-íosfainn, if I were to eat. Mura
n-íosfainn, if I were not to eat.
The verb "tabhair"
(TOO-ir), give, becomes tabharfaidh mé (TOOR-hee may*), I will
give, in the future tense. The conditional is therefore:
I would give
(HOOR-faw*), you would give
(HOOR-huhk* shay*), he would give
she would give
(HOOR-hi-mish), we would give
you-all would give
(HOOR-hi-deesh), they would give
(HOOR-fwee), people would give
Other forms in
the modh coinníollach begin with:
I would not give. An dtabharfainn? (un DOOR-hin), would I give? Nach
dtabharfainn?, wouldn't I give? Dá dtabharfainn, if I were
to give. Mura dtabharfainn, if I were not to give.
(ber er), seize it or grab it, has "béarfaidh mé
air" (BAY*R-hee may* ar) for the future, and the conditional
(VAY*R-hin) air, I would seize it
(VAY*R-faw*) air, you would seize it
(VAY*R-huhk*) sé air, he would seize it
sí air, she would seize it
air, we would seize it
sibh air, you-all would seize it
air (VAY*R-hi-deesh er), they would seize it
(VAY*R- fwee) air, people would seize it
air, I would not seize it. An mbhéarfainn air? (un MAY*R-hin
er), would I seize it? Nach mbhéarfainn air?, wouldn't I seize
it? Dá mbhéarfainn air, if I were to seize it. Mura
mbhéarfainn air, if I weren't to seize it.
verb most extensively changed in the modh coinníollach is "faigh"
(faye), get. An aimsir fháistineach:
I would get
(YOH-faw*), you would get
(YOH-uhk* shay*), he would get
she would get
we would get
you-all would get
(YOH-i-deesh), they would get
(YOH-fwee), people would get
The other forms
are similar to the negative ní bhfaighidh mé, etc:
(nee VWEYE-in), I wouldn't get
(nee VWEYE-faw*), you wouldn't get
sé (nee VWEYE-uhk* shay*), he wouldn't get
sí, she wouldn't get
(nee VWEYE-i-mish), we wouldn't get
sibh, you-all wouldn't get
(nee VWEYE-fee), people wouldn't get
would I get? Nach bhfaighinn?, wouldn't I get? Dá bhfaighinn,
if I were to get. Mura bhfaighinn, if I were not to get.
In the next lesson,
we will look at ways to make use of the conditional easier for conversation.
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