Irish Lesson 93

Céad Míle Fáilte!


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Lesson by "The Irish People"


Here are sentences written in the form of the pronunciation guide.

Read them aloud, or have someone read them to you. As you hear them, form a mental picture of the meaning and the situation. Do not translate the sentences word for word. After you have finished, look at the Key at lesson end to verify your understanding.

DEE-uh git, uh HYAW*-in. ­­ Dee-uhs MWIR-e git, a VREE-in. KUN-uhs TAW* too in-YOO? ­­ TAW* may* goh MAH. AH-guhs KUN-uhs TAW* too fay*n? ­­ TAW*-im goh MAH un-NISH, FRESH-in. vee sleye-DAW*N OH-ruhm un TYAHK*T-in shuh KAH-tye, ahk* taw* BI-shahk* OH-ruhm le TAH-muhl. ­­ nee AHK-uh may* too er un TRAW*-id. ­­ taw*n KART uh-GUHT. DAHN may* uh-VWAHL-e in-YAY*. ­­ shin ee an AW*T is FAHR duh AR ting. ­­ AY*N-teem lat. SLAW*N uh-GUHT uh-NISH, uh VREE-in. ­­ SLAW*N lat, uh HYAW*-in.



(All these nouns are second-declension..)

obair, an obair, na hoibre, na hoibreacha (OH-bir, un OH-bir, nuh HIB-re, nuh HIB-rahk*uh); work, the work, of the work, the works.

dealbh, an dealbh, na deilbhe, na dealbha (DYAL-uhv, un DYAL-uhv, nuh DYEL-i-ve, nuh DYAL-uhv-uh); statue, the statue, of the statue, the statues.

scoil, an scoil, na scoile, na scoileanna (skuhl, an skuhl, nuh SKUHL-e, nuh SKUHL-uh-nuh); school, the school, of the school, the schools.

maidin, an mhaidin, na maidine, na maidineacha (MAH-din, un VWAH-din, nuh MAHD-ne, nuh MAH-din-AHK*-uh); morning, the morning, of the morning, the mornings.


paidir, an phaidir, na paidre, na paidreacha (PAH-dir, un FAH-dir, nuh PAH-dre, nuh PAHD-rahk*-uh); prayer, the prayer, of the prayer, the prayers.

cailc, an chailc, na cailce, na cailceanna (keyelk, un K*EYELK, nuh KEYELK-e, nuh KEYELK-uh-nuh); chalk, the chalk, of the chalk, the chalks.

tír, an tír, na tíre, na tíortha (teer, un TEER, nuh TEER-e, nuh TEER-huh); country, the country, of the country, the countries.

abairt, an abairt, na habairte, na habairtí (AH-birt, un AH-birt, nuh HAH-birt-e, nuh HAH-birt-ee); sentence, the sentence, of the sentence, the sentences.


eaglais, an eaglais, na heaglaise, na heaglaisí (AH-glish, uh AH-glish, nuh HAH-glish-e, nuh HAH-glish-ee); church, the church, of the church, the churches.

iníon, an iníon, na hiníne, na hiníonacha (in-EEN, un in-EEN, nuh hi-NEEN-e, nuh hi-NEEN-uh-huh); daughter, the daughter, of the daughter, the daughters.

uirlis, , un uirlis, na na huirlise, na huirlisí (IR-lish, un IR-lish, nuh HIR-lish-e, nuh HUR-lish-ee); tool, the tool, of the tool, the tools.

féasóg, an féasóg, na féasóige, na féasóga (fay*-SOHG, un ay*-SOHG, nuh fay*-SOH-i-ge, nuh fay*-SOHG-uh); beard, the beard, of the beard, the beards.

bráillín, an bhráillín, na bráillíne, na bráillíní (braw*-LEEN, un vraw*-LEEN, nuh braw*-LEEN-e, nuh braw*-LEEN-ee); sheet, the sheet, of the sheet, the sheets (bed sheet is meant here; "bileog" (bil-YOHG) is a sheet of paper.

liathróid, an liathróid, na liathróida, na liathróidí (lee-HROH-id, un lee-HROH-id, nuh lee-HROH-id-e, nuh lee-HROH-id-ee); ball, the ball, of the ball, the balls.

reilig, an reilig, na reilige, na reiligí (REL-ig, un REL-ig, nuh REL-ig-e, nuh REL-ig-ee); cemetery, the cemetery, of the cemetery, the cemeteries.

girseach, an ghirseach, na girsí, na girseacha (GIR-shahk*, un YIR-shahk*, nuh GIR-shee, nuh GIR-shahk*-uh); girl, the girl, of the girl, the girls.


Compound prepositions which are followed by the genitive case:

de réir (duh RAY*R), according to.

i láthair (i LAW*-hir), in the presence of.

in aice (in AK-e), near.

in aghaidh ( in EYE-ee), against (in the sense of "opposed to")



Cuir Gaeilge air seo;

During the work; after the question; in the presence of the daughter; on account of the beard.

Behind the cemetery; according to the girl; in front of the school; above the statue.

Putting the sheet on the bed; doing the work; getting the chalk; saying the prayer.

Reading the sentence; breaking the chalk; losing the ball; washing the hand.


Key to Drill: le linn na hoibre (le LING nuh HIB-re); tar éis na ceiste (tahr AY*SH nuh KESH-te); i láthair na hinníne (i LAW*-hir nuh hi-NEEN-e); de bharr na féasóige (de VWAHR nuh fay*-SOH-ig-e).

Ar chúl na reilige (er K*OOL nuh REL-i-ge); de réir na girsí (duh RAY*R nuh GIR-shee); os comhair na scoile (ohs KOH-ir nuh SKUHL-e); os cionn na deilbhe (ohs KYOON nuh DEL-i-ve).

Ag cur na bráillíne ar an leaba (uh KUR nuh braw*-LEEN-e er un LA-buh; ag déanamh na hoibre (uh DAY*N-uhv nuh HIB-re); ag fáil na caílce (uh FAW*-il nuh KEYELK-e); ag cailleadh na liathróide (uh KEYEL-uh nuh lee-HROH-id-e); ag ní na láimhe (uh NEE nuh LAW*-iv-e).


Key to the pronunciation exercise:

Dia, dhuit, a Sheáin. Dia's Muire dhuit, a Bhriain. Conas tá tú inniu? Tá mé go maith. Agus conas tá tú féin? Táim go maith anois, freisin. Bhí slaghdán orm an tseachtain seo caite, ach tá biseach orm le tamall. Ní fhaca mé ar an tsráid. Tá an ceart agat. D'fhan mé abhaile inné. Sin í an áit is fearr do fhear tinn. Aontaím leat. Slán agat anois, a Bhriain. Slan leat, a Sheáin.

Hello, John. Hello, Brian. How are you today? I am well. And how are you? I am well now, too. There was a cold on me last week, but I have been improving for a while. I didn't see you on the street. You are right. I stayed home yesterday. That's the place that is best for a sick man. I agree with you. Good-bye now, Brian. Good-bye, John.

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